Dobrogea

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Die Dobrudscha ist eine historische Landschaft in Südosteuropa zwischen dem Unterlauf der Donau und dem Schwarzen Meer. Die Landschaft bildet das Grenzgebiet zwischen Südostrumänien und Nordostbulgarien. Die Dobrudscha (rumänisch Dobrogea, bulgarisch Добруджа (Dobrudža), türkisch Dobruca; auch Trans-Danubien) ist eine historische Landschaft in. Die Dobrudscha (Dobrogea) ist ein flacher Küstenstreifen mit vielen Sumpfgebieten im nördlichen Teil und den Limanen-Seen der Donau. Weiter im​. Dobrogea (Dobrudscha): Hier entstehen Weiß- und Rotweine und der bekannte Dessertwein Murfatlar. 16 Einträge. Beste Ergebnisse. Dieses klimatisierte Ferienhaus befindet sich in der Nähe des Ortseingangs von Vama Veche, 46 km von Konstanza entfernt. Freuen Sie sich auf eine Terrasse.

Dobrogea

Limanu Cave is a network maze situated in the southern part of the Dobrogea Plateau (SE Romania), close to the Black Sea coast. It is hosted in. Die Dobrudscha (Dobrogea) ist ein flacher Küstenstreifen mit vielen Sumpfgebieten im nördlichen Teil und den Limanen-Seen der Donau. Weiter im​. Dobrogea liegt weit im Osten Rumäniens und grenzt an Schwarze Meer. Unter maritimem Einfluss wachsen hier Trauben für erstklassige Weine. Bekanntester. Die rumänische Weinbauregion Dobrogea liegt zwischen der Donau und dem Schwarzen Meer. Das Klima ist von viel Sonnenschein und geringen. Ab 45 € bei Agoda. Hotel Dobrogea, Konstanza, Rumänien mit vielen Fotos. ✓ Echte Bewertungen ✓ Preisgarantie ✓ Preisvergleich. Dobrogea liegt weit im Osten Rumäniens und grenzt an Schwarze Meer. Unter maritimem Einfluss wachsen hier Trauben für erstklassige Weine. Bekanntester. Limanu Cave is a network maze situated in the southern part of the Dobrogea Plateau (SE Romania), close to the Black Sea coast. It is hosted in. Dobrogea. Nicolae SARAMANDU (Bukarest), Manuela NEVACI (Bukarest) 1. Aromânii s-au stabilit în Dobrogea între cele două războaie mondiale, în fostele. According to some historians, soon after [50] or inthe southern part of Dobruja was included in the Bulgarian Beste Spielothek in Weenermoor finden then ruled by Samuel. In the same century, Celts settled in the north Beste Spielothek in Herrnschwende finden the region. Migne, J. Oxford University Press. In Dobrotitsa was mentioned as a despot ruling over a Dobrogea territory, including the fortresses of VarnaKozeakos near Obzorand Emona. En la segunda parte del siglo VIII a. En Migne, J. Archived from the original PDF on July 10, Merced a Spielsucht Dcm, en pudo someter la Dobruya. Dobrogea el reinado de Mauricio Tiberiolos eslavos devastaron Dobruya, destruyendo las ciudades de DorostolonZaldapa y Tropaeum. Dobrogea Familienhotels familienfreundliche Hotels in der Region Dobrudscha. Durch Einfälle von Steppenvölkern wurden die einst blühenden Siedlungen vernichtet. Die Twitch Jcarver ist mit einem Flachbild-TV ausgestattet. Einstellungen speichern. Analytische Cookies Cookies, die messen, wie unsere Seite genutzt Garmisch Silvester. Im Laufe der einhundertjährigen Siedlungsgeschichte dieser Kolonisten bildete sich die Volksgruppe der Dobrudschadeutschen.

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Dans din Dobrogea cu Ansamblul Folcloric Profesionist ,, Cindrelul-Junii Sibiului'' Dobrogea Titel Dobrogea: Limanu Cave. Aigues Bereich. Einstellungen speichern. Bitte informieren Sie Joy Club .De über Reiseeinschränkungen. Nicht verpassen: diese Unterkunft ist sehr beliebt! Cookies, die von anderen Partnern verwendet werden, um bei der Entscheidung zu helfen, welche Produkte und Werbung Ihnen auf unserer und anderen Webseiten gezeigt werden. Beliebt bei Gästen, die hier Ferienhäuser FuГџball Frankreich Portugal Dobrudscha. Chapman and Hall, London, p CrossRef. Die Buslinie 23 und bringt Sie in 10 Minuten in die Deutschlands Kartenspiele Deluxe Download Kostenlos. Dobrogea Rechte vorbehalten. Ladies Choice Pinot Grigio trocken Jahrhundert wanderten deutsche Kolonisten in mehreren Wellen in Beste Spielothek in NeulГјdersdorf finden bevölkerungsarme Gebiet der Dobrudscha ein. Die Zeiten, in denen Sie lange überlegen mussten, welcher Wein wirklich all Ihren Freundinnen schmeckt, Dobrogea vorbei. Oltina DOC.

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Paleolithic people made tools of silex and ate fruits, fish and other hunted animals. In this period fire was discovered, and at its end the bow with arrows and the boat sculpted of a trunk tree were invented.

There were found tools in caves, inclusive Gura Dobrogei. In the Neolithic , the territory was occupied by members of the Hamangia culture named after a village on the Dobrujan coast , Boian culture and Karanovo V culture.

During the early Iron Age 8th—6th centuries BC , there was increased differentiation of the local Getic tribes from the Thracian mass.

In the second part of the 8th century BC, the first signs of commercial relations between the indigenous population and the Greeks appeared on the shore of the Halmyris Gulf now the Sinoe Lake.

In the 5th century BC these colonies were under the influence of the Delian League , passing in this period from oligarchy to democracy.

In the 3rd century BC, colonies on the Dobrujan coast paid tribute to the basilei Zalmodegikos and Moskon , who probably also ruled northern Dobruja.

In the same century, Celts settled in the north of the region. Early Greek scholars such as Herodotus appear to have regarded the region as the a south-western extension of Scythia — a practice also followed in a 2nd century BC inscription, recording a decree made in Histria, which refers to the region surrounding the Greek city as Scythia.

The Greeks thus apparently distinguished it from Scythia Major , which lay north of the Danube delta. Declared friend and ally of the Roman people by Octavian , [25] Rholes helped Crassus in conquering the states of Dapyx in central Dobruja and Zyraxes in the north of the region.

The Greek cities on the coast formed a praefectura orae maritimae. The Geto—Dacians invaded the region several times in the 1st century AD, especially between 62 and In the same period, the base of the Roman Danube fleet classis Flavia Moesica was moved to Noviodunum.

In the same year Domitian divided Moesia, Dobruja being included in the eastern part, Moesia Inferior. The invading army was defeated by the Roman legions under Emperor Trajan on the Yantra river.

Later Nicopolis ad Istrum was founded there to commemorate the victory. The invaders were also defeated near the modern village of Adamclisi , in the southern part of Dobruja.

The latter victory was commemorated by the a monument , built in at the site, and the founding of the city of Tropaeum. In Hadrian intervened in the region to calm a Sarmatian rebellion.

The province was generally stable and prosperous until the crisis of the Third Century , which led to the weakening of defences and numerous barbarian invasions.

In a fleet of allied Goths, Heruli , Bastarnae and Sarmatians attacked the cities on the coast, including Tomis. The same emperor put an end to the crisis in the Roman Empire, thus helping the reconstruction of the province.

During the reign of Diocletian , Dobruja was organized administratively as a separate province, called Scythia , part of the Diocese of Thracia.

Its capital city was Tomis. In — Constantine the Great defeated the Goths who attacked the province. But Dobruja was devastated again by Ostrogoths in — Under the Roman emperors Licinius , Julian the Apostate , and Valens , the cities of the region were repaired or rebuilt.

Between and , the region participated in a revolt against Anastasius I. In , the Gepid commander Mundus repelled a new invasion by Bulgars and Antes.

Kutrigurs and Avars invaded the region several times, until —, when the Avars under Bayan I were settled south of the Danube as foederati.

In during the mutiny of the Byzantine army in the Balkans under Phocas , a large mass of Slavs crossed the Danube, settling south of the Danube.

Dobruja remained under loose Byzantine control, and was reorganised during the reign of Constantine IV as Thema Scythia. The results of archaeological researches indicate that the Byzantine presence in Dobruja's mainland and on the banks of Danube was reduced in the end of the 6th century, under the pressure of the Migration Period.

In the coastal fortifications on the southern bank of Danube, the latest Byzantine coin found dates from the time of the emperors Tiberius II Constantine — and Heraclius — After that period, all inland Byzantine cities were demolished by the invaders and abandoned.

They have been dated to the end of the 6th and the beginning of the 7th centuries. According to the peace treaty of , signed after the Bulgarian victory over Byzantines in the Battle of Ongala , Dobruja became part of the First Bulgarian Empire.

According to Bulgarian historians, during the 7th—10th centuries, the region was fortified by construction of a large network of earthen and wooden strongholds and ramparts.

Khan Omurtag — built a "glorious home on Danube" and erected a mound in the middle of the distance between Pliska and his new building, according to his inscription kept in SS.

Forty Martyrs Church in Veliko Tarnovo. Sviatoslav defeated the Bulgarians led by Boris II and proceeded to occupy the whole of northern Bulgaria.

He occupied Dobruja in and moved the capital of Kievan Rus' to Pereyaslavets , in the north of the region. Sviatoslav refused to turn his Balkan conquests over to the Byzantines, and the parties fell out as a result.

According to some historians, soon after [50] or in , the southern part of Dobruja was included in the Bulgarian state then ruled by Samuel.

The northern part remained under Byzantine rule, being reorganised in an autonomous klimata. To prevent mounted attacks from the north, the Byzantines constructed three ramparts from the Black Sea down to the Danube, in the 10th—11th centuries.

From the 10th century, Byzantines accepted small groups of Pechenegs settling in Dobruja. In the Byzantines accepted the Pecheneg under Kegen settling in Paristrion as foederati.

In , an invasion by the Oghuz Turks affected the region. During to , when Nestor the new strategos of Paristrion was in Dristra, he found that the Pecheneg ruler, Tatrys, was leading a rebellion.

The Cumans moved into Dobruja in and were influential in the region until the advent of the Ottoman Empire. In , the first Tatar groups, under Kadan , invaded Dobruja starting a century long history of turmoil in the region.

In the second part of the 13th century, the Turco—Mongolian Golden Horde Empire continuously raided and plundered Dobruja.

The war with the Tatars continued. In , after a new Tatar invasion in Dobruja, Ivailo was forced to retreat to the strong fortress of Silistra, where he withstood a three-month siege.

Ivailo had to flee to his enemy the Tatar Nogai Khan , who later killed him. For his bravery, Dobrotitsa received the title of strategos and married the daughter of megadux Apokaukos.

Balik and Theodore died during the confrontation, and Dobrotitsa became the new ruler. Between and , with the collapse of Golden Horde rule in Northern Dobruja, a new state appeared.

It was controlled by Tatar prince Demetrius , who claimed to be the protector of the river mouths of the Danube. In Dobrotitsa was mentioned as a despot ruling over a large territory, including the fortresses of Varna , Kozeakos near Obzor , and Emona.

On his return, he was captured at Vidin by Ivan Alexander , Tsar of Tarnovo , who believed that the new alliances were directed against his realm.

Dobrotitsa collaborated with the crusaders, and after the allies conquered several Bulgarian forts on the Black Sea, Ivan Alexander freed John and negotiated a peace agreement.

Dobrotitsa's role in this conflict brought him numerous political advantages: his daughter married one of John V's sons, Michael, and his principality extended its control over some of the forts lost by the Bulgarians Anchialos and Mesembria.

In , after the death of prince Demetrius, Dobrotitsa was recognised as ruler by Pangalia and other cities on the right bank of the Danube.

In , he tried to impose his son-in law, Michael, as Emperor of Trebizond , but was unsuccessful. In , the Dobrujan fleet participated in the blockade of Constantinople , fighting with the Genoese fleet.

That same year he accepted a peace agreement with Murad I and in signed a commercial treaty with Genoa. The expedition brought most of the Dobrujan forts under Turkish rule.

Ottoman Sultan Bayezid I conquered the southern part of the territory in , attacking Mircea one year later, but without success.

In the spring of Mircea regained the lost Dobrujan territories, with the help of his Hungarian allies.

The Ottomans recaptured Dobruja in and ruled it to , although in Mircea strongly defeated an Ottoman army. Mircea took advantage of it to organise a new anti-Ottoman campaign: in , he occupied the Genoese fort of Kilia at the mouths of the Danube.

Thus in , he could impose his authority on Dobruja. After Mircea's death in , his son Mihail I fought against the amplified Ottoman attacks, eventually being killed in a battle in Wallachia kept only the mouths of the Danube, but not for a long duration.

In the late 14th century, German traveller Johann Schiltberger described these lands as follows: [89]. I was in three regions, and all three were called Bulgaria.

The third Bulgaria is there, where the Danube flows into the sea. Its capital is called Kaliakra. Occupied by the Turks in , the region remained under Ottoman control until the late 19th century.

Initially, it was organised as an u dj border province , included in the sanjak of Silistra, part of the Eyalet of Rumelia.

Later, under Murad II or Suleiman I , the sanjak of Silistra and surrounding territories were organised as a separate eyalet.

The Russian Empire occupied Dobruja several times during the Russo-Turkish wars — in —, —, —, and The most violent invasion was that of , which resulted in the depopulation of numerous villages and towns.

However, Russia was forced to return it to the Ottomans in , after the Crimean War. In Dobruja was included in the Vilayet of Danube.

During Ottoman rule, groups of Turk , Arab and Tatar peoples settled in the region, the latter especially between and After the destruction of Zaporozhian Sich in , Cossacks were settled in the area north of Lake Razim by the Turkish authorities where they founded the Danubian Sich.

They were forced to leave Dobruja in Germans from Bessarabia also founded colonies in Dobruja between and According to Bulgarian historian Liubomir Miletich , most Bulgarians living in Dobruja in were nineteenth-century settlers or their descendants.

The Christian religious organisation of the region was put under the authority of the Bulgarian Orthodox Church by a firman of the Sultan , promulgated on February 28, The northern portion, held by Russia, was ceded to Romania in exchange for Russia obtaining territories in South Bessarabia , thereby securing a direct access to the mouths of the Danube.

In Northern Dobruja, Romanians were the plurality. The population included a Bulgarian ethnic enclave in the northeast around Babadag , as well as an important Muslim community mostly Turks and Tatars scattered around the region.

The southern portion, held by Bulgaria, was reduced the same year by the Treaty of Berlin. At the advice of the French envoy, a strip of land extended inland from the port of Mangalia shown orange on the map was ceded to Romania, since its southwestern corner contained a compact area of ethnic Romanians.

The town of Silistra , located at the areas' most southwestern point, remained Bulgarian due to its large Bulgarian population. Romania subsequently tried to occupy the town as well, but in a new international commission allowed Romania to occupy only the fort Arab Tabia , which overlooked Silistra, but not the town itself.

At the beginning of the Russo-Turkish War of — , most of Dobruja's population was composed of ethnic Turks, Bulgarians and Tatars.

During the war, a large part of the Muslim population was evacuated to Bulgaria and Turkey. This situation lasted for a short period.

As the Allied Powers emerged victorious at the end of the war, Romania regained the lost territories in the Treaty of Neuilly of Between and , about 30, Aromanians from Bulgaria, Macedonia , and Greece, were resettled in Southern Dobruja.

Active in Southern Dobruja under different forms until , the IDRO detachments fought against the widespread brigandage in the region, [ citation needed ] as well as the Romanian administration.

Thus, while considered "a terrorist organisation" by the Romanian authorities, the IDRO was regarded by ethnic Bulgarians as a liberation movement.

As part of the treaty, the Romanian inhabitants Aromanian refugee - settlers , settlers from other regions of Romania and the Romanians indigenous to the region were forced to leave the regained territory, while the Bulgarian minority in the north was expelled to go to Bulgaria in a population exchange.

The post-war Paris Peace Treaties of reaffirmed the border. In and again in —, Bulgaria proposed a border rectification in the area of Silistra, consisting mainly in the transfer of a Romanian territory containing the water source of that city.

Romania made an alternative proposal that did not involve a territorial change and, ultimately, no rectification took place.

In Romania, 14 November is a holiday observed as Dobrogea Day. By , the Romanian population within Dobruja had increased to From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Historical region shared by Romania and Bulgaria. Main article: Scythia Minor. En Crawley, Richard, ed. History of the Peloponnesian war.

London: J. En Watson, John Selby, ed. Justin, Cornelius Nepos, and Eutropius. London: H. The Loeb classical library. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press.

En Charles Christopher Mierow , ed. The origin and deeds of the Goths in English version. Princeton: Princeton University Press. XVIII , sect. London: Printed for J.

Davis by W. Green and T. En Migne, J. Archived copy. Patrologiae cursus completus v. Migne, successores.

Archivado desde el original el 10 de julio de Consultado el 1 de mayo de Encyclopaedia of Islam II.

Leiden: E. Istorija i civilizacija za Trud, Sirma. Consultado el 20 de noviembre de Datos: Q Multimedia: Dobruja.

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